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Condition-specific information

Here, you can find out about specific conditions which can affect your appearance and learn what support is available to help you manage the impacts.


Acne is a common skin condition which causes spots and oiliness. It affects most people at some stage in their lives and can cause significant distress.


A birthmark is a coloured mark on the skin which is present at birth or soon after. About one in three babies is born with some kind of birthmark.


Burns and scalds are damage to the skin caused by heat, hot water or chemicals. Many heal with minimal scarring, but deep wounds can cause long-term scars.

Cleft lip and palate

A gap in the upper lip or roof of the mouth, which occurs because the affected parts did not join together in the womb. About one in 700 are affected.


Eczema is a long-term skin condition which causes the skin to become dry, cracked and itchy. There are many types, the most common being "atopic eczema".

Head and neck cancer

A relatively rare form of cancer. Surgery or radiotherapy used to treat certain head and neck cancers sometimes lead to changes in your appearance.


Hyperpigmentation is when patches of skin become darker than the surrounding area. It is caused by a range of conditions as well as damage to the skin.


Hypopigmentation is when patches of skin become lighter than the surrounding area. It can be caused by skin conditions and sometimes follows healing.


Melasma is a skin condition affecting adults. It causes light to dark brown colouring in the affected areas, and may be more noticeable during winter.


Neurofibromatosis is a set of three genetic conditions which cause tumours to grow along the nerves, and can cause a range of visible differences.


Psoriasis is an immune condition which causes patches to develop on the skin. There are different types of psoriasis, affecting different parts of the body.


Rosacea is a skin condition mainly affecting the face. It is characterised by redness in the affected areas, often beginning with excessive blushing.


A scar is a mark left on the skin after an injury has healed. Most fade but do not completely disappear, and some can remain noticeable for a long time.


A skin condition which causes patches of the skin to lose their colour and appear white. It can affect anyone but tends to develop before the age of 40.

Condition-specific organisations

Links to condition-specific and other useful organisations for people living with a visible difference, grouped to help you find what you need.