Police and local authorities need to do more to inform people that abusing someone with a disfigurement is a hate crime, including shouting names and other abuse in public places

Further reading

Cole, J., (1998). About Face. The MIT Press, Cambridge

Cole. J., Spalding. H.J. (2008). The Invisible Smile – Living without Facial Expression. Oxford University Press

Frances J. (2004). Educating Children with Facial Disfigurement – creating inclusive school communities. RoutledgeFalmer, London.

Garland-Thompson, R. (2009). Staring: How we look. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma – Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity London. Penguin

Grealy, L (1994). In the Mind’s Eye: Autobiography of a Face. Houghton Mifflin, New York

Konradsen, H., Kirkevold, M., & Zoffman, V. (2009). Surgical Facial Cancer Treatment: the silencing of
disfigurement in nurse patient interactions. Journal of Advanced Nursing

Partridge, J. (2017). Changing Faces: the Challenge of Facial Disfigurement. First published by Penguin, now available from Changing Faces, London.

Stone, A and Wright, T (2013). When your face doesn’t fit: Employment discrimination against people with facial disfigurements, Journal of Applied Social Psychology,
43, 515-526

Talley, H.L. (2014). Saving Face: Disfigurement and the Politics of Appearance. New York University Press, New York.

Wardle, C. and Boyce, T. (2009). Media coverage and audience reception of disfigurement on television. Cardiff University research project for The Healing Foundation. Full report available at www.changingfaces.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Cardi HealingFound.pdf

Zephaniah, B. (2008). Face. London: Bloomsbury